RoHS e WEEE

All electrical products placed on the European market falling within the scope of the RoHS Directive shall comply with its requirements. UL–ICQ and IISG support the client in order to assess the absence of hazardous substances to verify product compliance with the Directive.

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The Directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances (RoHS) in electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) was revised in July 2011. In the new Directive 2011/65/EU (also called RoHS2) the scope is extended to all of the following categories of EEE except those specifically excluded:

  • Large household appliances
  • Small household appliances
  • IT and telecommunications equipment
  • Consumer equipment
  • Lighting equipment
  • Electrical and electronic tools
  • Toys, leisure and sports equipment
  • Medical devices
  • Monitoring and control instruments including industrial monitoring and control instruments
  • Automatic dispensers
  • Other EEE not covered by any of the categories above

The RoHS2 Directive limits the amount of certain toxic chemicals which can be found in EEE such as certain brominated flame retardants and the toxic elements lead, mercury, cadmium and chromium V.  In addition, the European Commission periodically reviews the scientific evidence related to other hazardous substances, in order to verify the need for further restrictions, such as for certain phthalates (DEHP, BBP, DBP, DIBP) for which new restrictions in EEE apply starting from 2019.

The RoHS2 Directive, unlike the previous version RoHS1, is a New Approach Directive which requires:

  • EC marking
  • marking with identification of the product and the manufacturer
  • drawing up a declaration of conformity
  • a Technical Documentation and carry out the internal production control procedure.

Moreover, with the RoHS2 the definitions of the economic operators involved have changed, with different obligations for manufacturers, importers, authorized representatives and distributors. The manufacturers / importers of electrical and electronic equipment will be responsible for placing on the market of products in compliance with the Directive.

Laboratories UL and IISG are equipped with advanced equipment that allow to perform the analysis quickly and precisely, including a sophisticated X-ray microscope with which you can see in detail each of the homogeneous materials which constitute the electrical / electronic equipment tested. Besides our experts also offer a highly qualified support for verification of the compliance of all products to RoHS Directive 2 governing the restriction of banned substances.

The RoHS2 Directive obliges manufacturers to prepare Technical Documentation in order to demonstrate the conformity of electrical and electronic equipment to the restrictions on the use of certain hazardous substances. Furthermore, on November 23rd, 2012 the standard EN 50581: 2012 “Technical documentation for the assessment of electrical and electronic products with respect to the restriction of hazardous substances” (related to Technical Documentation) has been harmonized to the  RoHS2 (2011/65/EU). In this regard, our experts also offer a support in order to verify the presence, in a Technical Documentation of a EEE, of the minimum information required by the applicable regulation.

WEEE Directive (Directive 2012/19/EU)

In July 2012, the new WEEE Directive (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) 2012/19/EU has been published. The European Commission has also issued FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) guidelines concerning the application of this Directive, which clarifies some new aspects:

  • The field of application has been extended, after a transitional period, to all electrical and electronic equipment
  • New and more ambitious annual targets for collection and recycling of WEEE
  • New ways of collecting small WEEE
  • News about the national WEEE registers concerning the possibility to join the register by an authorized representative
  • Introduction of harmonized standards at European level for the treatment of WEEE

Concerning Italy the Legislative Decree 14th March 2014, No. 49, implementing the WEEE Directive 2012/19/EU into Italian legislation, is in force. Inter alia, the Decree indicates that the following information shall be provided to the end users (within the instructions for use of the EEE):

  • the requirement not to dispose a WEEE as unsorted municipal waste and to collect such WEE separately
  • the return and collection systems available for the WEEEs, as well as possibilities and methods for such waste to be returned to the distributor of WEEE when purchasing a new EEE of equivalent type or, only in case of large distributors, the collection of very small WEEE (no external dimension more than 25 cm) free of charge to end users
  • the potential effect on the environment and human health as a result of the presence of hazardous substances in EE and an incorrect waste management
  • the role of the users in contributing to re-use, recycling and other forms of recovery of WEEE
  • the meaning of the symbol for the marking of the EEE as enclosed in the Decree

 

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